Surgical treatment is chosen in situations where the patient does not respond to hormonal therapy, as in the case of long-term gynecomastia, or on the recommendation of an endocrinologist, who considers conservative treatment inappropriate.
Procedure and result of gynecomastia surgery
The surgery can be performed under local anaesthesia; however, it is performed under general anaesthesia more often. Gynecomastia surgery requires one-day hospitalization. A chest bandage reduces swelling and promotes skin reattachment. Bruising and pain occur after surgery. Analgesics and anti-inflammatory medication is used. In case of any inconclusive findings, a histological examination is performed. The result of surgery is permanent. Complications include breast asymmetry, which can be addressed by reoperation.