Initially, conservative methods can help (rest, injections of cortisone or hyaluronic acid, medications that relieve pain); however, surgical intervention is often required for permanent solution of the problem.
The following surgical procedures are possible:
- “Joint clean-up”: Tissue that interferes and restricts movement and causes pain is removed from the joint. This procedure leads to success only in early stages.
- Arthroplasty: Part of the joint is removed and the body produces scar tissue in the created space. This reduces friction of bones.
- Artificial joint: There are various kinds of joint implants on the market - as in the case of artificial knee, smaller joints, like the joints of the foot, can be replaced.
- Arthrodesis: Surgically induced joint fusion leading to immobility of the joint.